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SRI POTTI SRIRAMULU NELLORE DISTRICT

Head Quarters: Nellore

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nellore District is famous for high paddy yield, and so it got its name from “nelli”, an equivalent word for paddy in Tamil. It was earlier known as Nellore district. In June 2008, the government of Andhra Pradesh officially renamed the district as Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore District after the freedom fighter and revolutionary Potti Sri Ramulu, who died fasting in an attempt to achieve the formation of a separate state for the Telugu people. The district was situated between 79º 9′ and 80º 14’E, of the eastern longitudes and 13º 25′ and 15º 55’N, of northern latitudes. The district is bounded on the north by the Prakasam District, on the south by Tamil Nadu state and Chittor District, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, and on the west by YSR District. The district has population of 29,66,082 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 3.50% of the total population of the State with 11.15% decadal growth.

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Geographical Profile
Item
Units
Figure
Source
Area
In ‘000 Sq. Km
13.1
Census 2011
Population
In Persons
29,66,082
Male
In Persons
14,93,254
Female
In Persons
14,72,828
Urban
In Persons
8,62,309
Rural
In Persons
21,03,773
Population Growth (decadal)
%
11.15
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km)
Ratio
227
Literacy
%
69.15
Male
%
75.93
Female
%
62.3
Urbanisation
%
29.07
Workers as % of total population
%
45.4
2001
Workers % of main Workers
%
81.31
Household industries
%
4.01
Area under Food & Non-Food crops
Area in Hectares
4,48,592
2012
Mining & Quarrying (Feldspar – More)
Qty in tonnes
1,24,510
Forest Area under the control of
Forest Department
Area in Hectares
2,62,787
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area
%
28.78
Value of output of major crops
%
-
Per capita food grain production
%
-
Road Length per 100 sq.km.
In Sq.km
89.88
Post offices per 100,000 persons
Ratio
26.19
Bank branches per 100,000 persons
Ratio
9.64
Population per bank
In Thousands
10.48
Per capita bank deposits
Rs. In Crores
19721.97
Per capita bank credit
In Rs.
29076.74
Per capita bank credit to agriculture
In Rs.
67.67
2010
Per ha. bank credit to agriculture
In Rs.
44.74
Per capita bank credit to Industries
In Rs.
41.41
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Major Crops 2011-12
Crop
Area in hectares
Out-turn in tonnes
Source
Rice
2,54,572
10,31,426
2011-12
Maize
1,426
10,222
Black gram(Mash)
41,660
23,718
Bengal gram
11,944
16,339
Groundnut
11,401
30,781
Sunflower
2,862
1,983
Cotton
14,681
34,716
Tobacco
10,882
17,531
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Major Mineral Production
Mineral
Quantity
(Tonnes)
Value
(‘000 Rs.)
Source
Silica Sand
21,39,623
1,03,708
2011-12
Feldspar
1,24,510
36,059
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Mandal Information
Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
1
Seetharama puram
17
Kodavalur
2
Varikuntapadu
18
Butchi reddi palem
3
Kondapuram
19
Sangam
4
Jaladanki
20
Chejerla
5
Kavali
21
Anantha sagaram
6
Bogole
22
Kaluvoya
7
Kaligiri
23
Rapur
8
Vinjamur
24
Podlakur
9
Duttalur
25
Nellore
10
Udayagiri
26
Kovur
11
Marripadu
27
Indukurpet
12
Atmakur
28
Thota palli gudur
13
Anuma samudram peta
29
Muthukur
14
Dagadarthi
30
Venkata chalam
15
Allur
31
Manubolu
16
Vidavalur
32
Gudur

Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
33
Sydapuram
34
Dakkili
35
Venkatagiri
36
Balayapalle
37
Ojili
38
Chillakur
39
Kota
40
Vakadu
41
Chittamur
42
Naidupeta
43
Pellakur
44
Doravarisatram
45
Sullurpeta
46
Tada
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Nellore : MLA List
SNo Name of the Elected Candidate Party Constituency
01 RAMIREDDY PRATAP KUMAR REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Kavali
02 MEKAPATI GOUTHAM REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Atmakur
03 POLAMREDDY SRINIVASULU REDDY Telugu Desam Kovur
04 ANIL KUMAR POLUBOINA Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Nellore City
05 KOTAMREDDY SRIDHAR REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Nellore Rural
06 KAKANI GOVARDHAN REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Sarvepalli
07 PASIM SUNIL KUMAR Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Gudur (SC)
08 SANJEEVAIAH KILIVETI Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Sullurpeta (SC)
09 KURUGONDLA RAMAKRISHNA Telugu Desam Venkatagiri
10 BOLLINENI VENKATA RAMARAO Telugu Desam Udayagiri
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TOURISM in Nellore District

1. SRIHARIKOTA

The Sriharikota Range, the Satellite Launching Station of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), popularly known as SHAR is situated on an island off Sullurupeta - a small town in Nellore district, of the state Andhra Pradesh. The national highway connecting Madras and Calcutta passes through Sullurupeta, situated about 80 Km north of Madras. A twenty minutes drive from here towards the east along the road accross the Pulicat Lake takes one to SHAR. Geographically Sriharikota Range (SHAR) is situated at 80 deg. East and 13 deg. North.

This launch centre located at Sriharikota island, was named as Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR (SDSC, SHAR) in September 2002, in memory of Prof Satish Dhawan, who was Chairman of ISRO from 1972 to 1984.

The activities at SDSC, SHAR are grouped under vehicle assembly and static test operations, range operations, liquid storage and service facilities and, solid propellant space booster plant. Management services including programme planning and human resources development and quality and reliability groups support the centre. Sriharikota Common Facilities provide administrative and auxiliary support for the centre. The main facilities in the centre include those for production of solid propellant rocket boosters, ground and environmental qualification of rocket motors and their subsystems, integration, check out and launch of satellite launch vehicles, liquid propellants and cryogenic propellants storage and servicing facilities, tracking and telecommand stations, real time data processing and range and flight safety.

To get around the Satish Dhawan Space Station at Sriharikota, you need prior permission. Knowing an employee at the space station might help. srihari kota is a very good place but they don't allow all people.

If you are planning to get to Sriharikota to watch a rocket launch and do not know anybody working at the Space Station, never mind. You could still watch the launch, although from outside the entrance of the Satish Dhawan Space Station. Stopping the jeep a little before the Space Station entrance will be the best thing to do. Alight from the jeep about half a kilometer before the Space Station and look straight in the direction of the Space Station entrance. The launch will be visible fairly well, and also audible more than fairly well.

How to reach Sriharikota

Sullurpeta is the nearest town to Sriharikota. It is about 20 km away.

from Sullurpet bus stand, get to the 'SHAR'(Sriharikota Range)bus stand, which is about a kilometer or two away. You could either take an auto or perhaps a share-auto to get there. From the 'SHAR' bus stand, bus service to the Space station(which is the only thing at Sriharikota)is available, although getting into a jeep or a share-auto would be the best way to get there. A word of caution here, you might have to stand on the foot board in the rear end of the jeep or sit in the driver's seat and yet not drive the jeep!! The jeep drive would cost Rs.10 per person and the share auto even lesser. The drive is extremely beautiful with the Pulicat lake on both sides of the road. The Pulicat Bird Sanctuary is also on the Road and if lucky, you might spot some Pelicans too!

The nearest railway station in and around Sullurpet

The nearest railway station to Sullurpet is Sulurupeta which is located in and around 0.4 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Sulurupeta railway station 0.4 KM.

Polireddipalem railway station 7.9 KM.

Tada railway station 12.5 KM.

Tyada railway station 12.5 KM.

Nayudupeta railway station 26.4 KM.

Nearest airport to Sullurpet

Sullurpet‘s nearest airport is Tirupati Airport situated at 52.0 KM distance. Few more airports around Sullurpet are as follows.

Tirupati Airport 52.0 KM.

INS Rajali Naval Air Station 79.0 KM.

New Chennai International Airport 80.2 KM.

Nearest town/city to Sullurpet

Sullurpet‘s nearest town/city/important place is Kuppam located at the distance of 13.0 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Sullurpet are as follows.

Kuppam 13.0 KM.

Gummidipoondi 33.8 KM.

Srikalahasti 34.7 KM.

Arani 41.3 KM.

Palavakkam 43.0 KM.

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2. Pulicat Lake

Pulicat Lake is the second largest brakish water lagoon in India spread over the two States of Andhra Pradesh and Tamilanadu adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. It extends over six hundred squire kilometers in Andhra Pradesh covering the five Mandals of Tada, Sullurupet, Doravari satram, Chittamur, Dugarajupatnam of Nellore District. It is a bird watchers paradise. Water birds and other birds like Flamingoes, Painted storks, Egrets, Grey Pelican, Grey herons, pintails, Black winged stilts, Shovelers, Terns etc., Visit this lake . These migratory birds visit during winter as the lake offers food and protection from predators. The lake was notified as a Bird Sanctuary in 1976. vide G.O.U/s 18 wild life (protection) Act.

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3. Krishnapatnam

Krishnapatnam or Kistnapatam is a port town in Muthukur mandal of Nellore district.

Krishnapatnam Port is a major port situated at a distance of 24 km from Nellore city. Krishnapatnam is one of the very few ports in the world which can handle giant ships with load capacities of 1,50,000 tonnes. It has become one of the deepest port of India with 18 meters of draft.

The nearest railway station in and around Krishna Patnam

The nearest railway station to Krishna Patnam is Nellore South which is located in and around 23.1 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Nellore South railway station 23.1 KM.

Nellore railway station 24.1 KM.

Settigunta railway station 24.2 KM.

Padugupadu railway station 27.4 KM.

Manubolu railway station 27.5 KM.

Nearest airport to Krishna Patnam

Krishna Patnam‘s nearest airport is Nellore Airport situated at 22.7 KM distance. Few more airports around Krishna Patnam are as follows.

Nellore Airport 22.7 KM.

Tirupati Airport 96.1 KM.

INS Rajali Naval Air Station 143.7 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Krishna Patnam

Nellore 24 KM.

Srikalahasti 84 KM.

Pulicat 111 KM.

Tirupati 118 KM.

Thiruthani 151 KM.

Nearest town/city to Krishna Patnam

Krishna Patnam‘s nearest town/city/important place is Nellore located at the distance of 23.5 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Krishna Patnam are as follows.

Nellore 23.5 KM.

Repalle 69.4 KM.

Kavali 72.0 KM.

Srikalahasti 74.9 KM.

Kuppam 78.6 KM.

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4. Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Nelapattu bird sanctuary is one of the largest Pelicanary in South East Asia with more than 1500 pelicans and other birds visiting every year. The Sanctuary is very near to the National High way -5. The big fresh water tank of Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary and the presence of good number of “ Barringtonia Acutangula” trees which can tolerate inundation for longer periods in the tank bed and fore shore area make this sanctuary a heaven for a broad spectrum of Bird species for both breeding and roosting purposes. Many winter migratory birds from Siberian countries are visiting this sanctuary since & long time. It is a breeding ground for some of the rare and endangered species like Grey Pelicans, Open-billed storks, Little cormorants, Sponbills, white ibies, Night Herons etc., A wide variety of birds, like Egrets, Tern, Ducks, Waders etc., rest here.

The nearest railway station in and around Gurramkonda

The nearest railway station to Nelapattu is Polireddipalem which is located in and around 7.6 kilometer distance. The following table shows other railway stations and its distance.

Polireddipalem railway station 7.6 KM.

Nayudupeta railway station 11.4 KM.

Sulurupeta railway station 15.5 KM.

Tada railway station 27.5 KM.

Tyada railway station 27.5 KM.

Nearest airport to Gurramkonda

Nelapattu‘s nearest airport is Tirupati Airport situated at 50.3 KM distance. Few more airports around Nelapattu are as follows.

Tirupati Airport 50.3 KM.

Nellore Airport 68.6 KM.

INS Rajali Naval Air Station 89.5 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Gurramkonda

Srikalahasti 34 KM.

Pulicat 66 KM.

Tirupati 71 KM.

Nellore 75 KM.

Thiruthani 92 KM.

Nearest town/city to Gurramkonda

Nelapattu‘s nearest town/city/important place is Kuppam located at the distance of 28.0 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Nelapattu are as follows.

Kuppam 28.0 KM.

Srikalahasti 29.4 KM.

Gummidipoondi 48.9 KM.

Renigunta 51.9 KM.

Arani 56.2 KM.

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5. Udayagiri Fort

Udaya giri Fort which is located about 100 kms from Nellore. Udayagiri Fort commanding at a hight of 3079 feet. Boasts of great natural beauty. The hill side has lush vegetation and beautiful waterfalls. The ruined fort is attracting the Tourists in a big way. However, the acccess is only by steps and there is no road to the Fort. During the rule of the Gajapathis and the Vijayanagar Rulers, this Town grew to great splendour. The ruins of 365 Temples found in the Town reflected the sculputure and archetecture of various periods. The structure on the hill such as the Ranganatha Temple reflects Chola culture, the Balakrishna Mandiram reflects Pallava culture and the Paruveta Mandapam reflects Vijayanagara Culture. Other structures include Chinna Masjid and pedda Masjid. A great Sufi Saint belonging to the 18th Century. Rahamathulla Nayab Rasool got absorbed in the higher selfhere. Every year the Sandal Festival is celebreated on the 26th of Rabi-UI-Aval month.

The nearest railway station in and around Udayagiri

The nearest railway station to Udayagiri is Gidhaur which is located in and around 68.9 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Gidhaur railway station 68.9 KM.

Giddalur railway station 68.9 KM.

Cuddapah railway station 70.1 KM.

Khadapa railway station 70.1 KM.

Nandalur railway station 71.8 KM.

Nearest airport to Udayagiri

Udayagiri‘s nearest airport is Cuddapah Airport situated at 70.8 KM distance. Few more airports around Udayagiri are as follows.

Cuddapah Airport 70.8 KM.

Nellore Airport 87.8 KM.

Donakonda Airport 107.0 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Udayagiri

Kadapa 78 KM.

Nellore 97 KM.

Srikalahasti 149 KM.

Srisailam 156 KM.

Tirupati 157 KM.

Nearest town/city to Udayagiri

Udayagiri‘s nearest town/city/important place is Pamur located at the distance of 26.4 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Udayagiri are as follows.

Pamur 26.4 KM.

Ramapuram 35.5 KM.

Cuddapah 69.6 KM.

Kavali 73.5 KM.

Repalle 73.8 KM.

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