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YSR DISTRICT (Kadapa)

Headquarters: Kadapa

Dr.Y.S.Rajasekhara Reddy District (Cuddapah) is situated in the south-central part of the Andhra Pradesh State. Located 8 km south of the Penna River, the city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. The name ‘Kadapa’ is derived from the Telugu word ‘Gadapa’ (“threshold”). The city is so named because it is the gateway from the north to the sacred hill-‘Pagoda’ of Shri Venkateshvara (also spelt as Venkateswara) of Tirupati. The district was situated between 77º 51′ and 79º 29’E, of the eastern longitudes and 13º 43′ and 15º 14’N, of northern latitudes. The district is bounded on the north by the Prakasam & Kurnool Districts, on the south by Chittor District, on the east by Nellore District, and on the west by Anantapur District. The district has population of 28,84,524 as per the 2011 census which accounts for 3.40% of the total population of the State with 10.87% decadal growth.

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Geographical Profile
Item
Units
Figure
Source
Area
In ‘000 Sq. Km
15.4
Census 2011
Population
In Persons
28,84,524
Male
In Persons
14,54,136
Female
In Persons
14,30,388
Urban
In Persons
9,83,736
Rural
In Persons
19,00,788
Population Growth (decadal)
%
10.87
Population Density (Person/Sq.Km)
Ratio
188
Literacy
%
67.88
Male
%
78.41
Female
%
57.26
Urbanisation
%
34.1
Workers as % of total population
%
44.79
2001
Workers % of main Workers
%
79.94
Household industries
%
5.25
Area under Food & Non-Food crops
Area in Hectares
4,32,970
2012
Mining & Quarrying (Limestone – Top)
Qty in tonnes
89,25,320
Forest Area under the control of Forest Department
Area in Hectares
5,00,961
Gross irrigated area as % of gross cropped area
%
22.96
Value of output of major crops
%
-
Per capita food grain production
%
-
Road Length per 100 sq.km.
In Sq.km
118.45
Post offices per 100,000 persons
Ratio
28.63
Bank branches per 100,000 persons
Ratio
8.7
Population per bank
In Thousands
11.61
Per capita bank deposits
Rs. In Crores
18991
Per capita bank credit
In Rs.
19841.4
Per capita bank credit to agriculture
In Rs.
51.03
2010
Per ha. bank credit to agriculture
In Rs.
34
Per capita bank credit to Industries
In Rs.
11.72
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Major Crops 2011-12
Crop
Area in hectares
Out- turn in tonnes
Source
Rice
53,896
1,58,660
2011-12
Jowar
13,154
5,941
Bengal gram
90,366
74,913
Red gram(Tuar)
9,079
2,270
Sunflower
62,079
39,749
Groundnut
57,057
60,517
Cotton
28,819
48,314
Mangoes
19,212
1,11,583
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Major Mineral Production
Mineral
Quantity (Tonnes)
Value (‘000 Rs.)
Source
Limestone
89,25,320
11,43,601
2011-12
Barytes
23,85,428
27,66,142
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Mandal Information
Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
1
Kondapuram
18
Simhadri
puram
2
Mylavaram
19
Lingala
3
Peddamudium
20
Pulivendla
4
Raju Palem
21
Vemula
5
Duvvur
22
Thandur
6
S Mydukur
23
Veera punayuni palle
7
Brahmam gari mattam
24
Yerraguntla
8
B Kodur
25
Kamalapuram
9
Kalasapadu
26
Vallur
10
Porumamilla
27
Chennur
11
Badvel
28
Atlur
12
Gopavaram
29
Vontimitta
13
Khajipet
30
Sidhout
14
Chapad
31
Cuddapah
15
Proddutur
32
Chintha Kommadinne
16
Jammala madugu
33
Pendlimarri
17
Muddanur
34
Vempalle

Mandal
Code
Mandal Name
35
Chaknayapet
36
Lakkireddipalle
37
Ramapuram
38
Veeraballe
39
Rajampet
40
Nandalur
41
Penagaluru
42
Chitvel
43
Kodur
44
Obulavaripalle
45
Pullampeta
46
T.Sundupalle
47
Sambepalle
48
Chinnamandem
49
Rayachoti
50
Galiveedu
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Kadapa : MLA List
SNo Name of the Elected Candidate Party Constituency
01 THIRIVEEDI. JAYARAMULU Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Badvel (SC)
02 MEDA VENKATA MALLIKARJUNA REDDY Telugu Desam Rajampet
03 AMZATH BASHA S. B Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Kadapa
04 KORAMUTLA SREENIVASULU Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Kodur (SC)
05 GADIKOTA SRIKANTH REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Rayachoti
06 Y.S.JAGAN MOHAN REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Pulivendla
07
POCHIMAREDDY RAVINDRANATH REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Kamalapuram
08 ADINARAYANA REDDY. CHADIPIRALA Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Jammalamadugu
09 RACHAMALLU SIVA PRASAD REDDY Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Proddatur
10 RAGHURAMIREDDY SETTIPALLI Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party Mydukur
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TOURISM in Kadapa District

1. AMEEN PEER DARGAH

Ameenpeer Dargah is a sufi shrine located in the Kadapa. It is popular among Muslims as well as Hindus.

This Dargah or Asthana (shrine) otherwise called as Asthana-e-Magdoom Ilahi, situated in Asthana-e-Magdoom Ilahi Dargah complex, locally known as Badi Dargah, Pedda Dargah (Telugu) in Kadapa (Cuddapah) city. It is known for its preaching of communal harmony. It is claimed folk that the saints of the shrine are the descendants of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. It is the shrine of the saints Hazrat Peerullah Hussaini and Arifullah Hussaini II who lie buried here.

Many notable Indian personalities have visited this shrine, among them Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, etc., The shrine is regarded as one of the most peaceful and serene spots in Kadapa.

The nearest railway station in and around Kadapa

Cuddapah Rail Way Station 1 KM.

Krishnapuram Rail Way Station 9 KM.

Kanamalo Palle Rail Way Station 10 KM.

Bhakarapet Rail Way Station 16 KM.

Nearest airport to Kadapa

Tirupati Airport 132 KM.

Bengaluru International Airport 207 KM.

Chennai Airport 243 KM.

Vijayawada Airport 349 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Kadapa

Horsley Hills 112 KM.

Tirupati 123 KM.

Puttaparthi 131 KM.

Srikalahasti 135 KM.

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2. Sri Soumyanatha Swamy temple, Nandalur

Nandalur is on the west bank of river Cheyyeru. Once it was a famous Buddhist centre in Rayalaseema. In 1913 Buddhist caves and viharas were discovered.

Sowmyanath Temple, here is a very big temple, situated nearly on ten acres of site. It is a replica of Thiruvannamalai and patronized by Cholas, Pandyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara, Pottapi and Matli Kings.Here most of the inscriptions, are in Tamil. Lord Sowmyanatha is installed on an elevated place and attracts pilgrims with his glittering beauty.

The temple and Buddhist caves are worth seeing at this town and is well connected by road and rail.

The nearest railway station in and around Nandalur

The nearest railway station to Nandalur is Nandalur which is located in and around 0.6 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Nandalur railway station 0.6 KM.

Razampeta railway station 9.6 KM.

Pullampet railway station 19.0 KM.

Obulavaripalli railway station 30.1 KM.

Cuddapah railway station 36.9 KM.

Nearest airport to Nandalur

Nandalur‘s nearest airport is Cuddapah Airport situated at 45.6 KM distance. Few more airports around Nandalur are as follows.

Cuddapah Airport 45.6 KM.

Tirupati Airport 84.1 KM.

Nellore Airport 96.3 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Nandalur

Kadapa 42 KM.

Tirupati 88 KM.

Srikalahasti 95 KM.

Nellore 104 KM.

Horsley Hills 117 KM.

Nearest town/city to Nandalur

Nandalur‘s nearest town/city/important place is Cuddapah located at the distance of 40.4 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Nandalur are as follows.

Cuddapah 40.4 KM.

Rayachoti 45.6 KM.

Tirumala 73.4 KM.

Tirupati 75.7 KM.

Proddatur 81.3 KM.

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3. PUSHPAGIRI TEMPLE

Pushpagiri is a temple town in Vallur Mandal of Kadapa District. The town lies on the banks of river Pennar and is famous for its ancient temples. The place was said to be mentioned in the Valmiki’s Sundarakanda chapter of Ramayana. The kings and rich people erected many temples here as there was an ancient belief that building a temple in this place would bring them prosperity. And hence nearly hundred and one temples adorned Pushpagiri in ancient times.

Pushpagiri has a charm of a small rural place with people around selling bangles, toys and balloons. Some small hotels selling tea and snacks are found on the road. Just opposite to the main temple, there is a Pushpagiri Matham (home of religious order), also called as Pushpagiri Peetam, which is said to have been established by Aadhi Sankaracharya, a renowned Hindu Saint, to promote his philosophy of Advaita. This peetam is said to be the richest and only Advaita mutt in Andhra Pradesh. The Trikuteswara (three temples) shrine is situated just opposite to this Matham.

There are three shrines- Kamaleshwara Shrine, Hachaleswara shrine and Pallaveswara Shrine, founded in 1255 AD and hence the name Trikuteswara. This triple shrine has a common mukha-mandapa (the main pillared hall or covered veranda in a temple), with each temple on the south, west and north of the mukha mandapam. A four pillared Nandi Mandapa houses an image of Nandi in the sabha-mandapa (Public Hall). Bhimeshwara (Lord Shiva) Temple is located to the east of Trikuteswara Temple with figures of elephants, lions and sages in its Mukha-mandapam. The ceiling of the temple is decorated with a pastille-shaped design with a lotus medallion in the centre. The entrance of this shrine has steps with parapet walls lined by elephant heads with long trunks.

The Vaidyanatha Swami Temple is a west facing shrine of the Chola period, situated to the southeast of Trikuteswara temple. Two dvarapalakas (watchmen) guard its doorways and the mandapam has 16 pillars arranged in two squares. The sanctum sanctorum has a standing image of goddess, called as Kamalakshi Devi by the locals. Pushpagiri is also known as the second Hampi. The main attraction of Pushpagiri is the Chenna Kesava Temple, a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, which is situated on the other side of the river Pennar. To reach this temple one has to cross the shallow pool of water formed near the hill. You can see the temple reflection in the shallow pool formed of this river. Few steps descends you to the sands of the dry river with some water here and there. After crossing the river, a flight of steps on the hill takes you to the Chenna Kesava Temple. The entrance of temple complex is adorned with a beautiful gopura gateway in the west overlooking the river.

There is a sacred pool in the temple, called as Amrit Sarovar (Nectar Lake), which is believed to have the magical powers to reverse ageing. Legend has it that when Garuda was carrying nectar from Indraloka, a drop fell down and turned into a sacred pool. The eminence of the pool came to be known, when a distressed farmer jumped into it to commit suicide and found himself turned into a young man. He then made his wife and oxen to dip into the pool and they too regained their youth. When the news of the pool reached Satya Loka, worried Lord Brahma sought the help of Lord Vishnu and Siva. Lord Hanuman was ordered, by Lord Shiva and Brahma, to fill the pool and He dropped a mountain into it. Astonishingly, the mountain started floating instead of sinking. Then Lord Vishnu and Siva clamped their feet at its side and the imprints of their foot can still be seen. The foot print of Siva became famous as ‘Rudrapada’ and that of Vishnu as ‘Vishnupada’.

There are other two shrines, in this temple premises, of Santana Malleswara and Uma Maheshwara which are dedicated to Lord Siva. The former along with the Chenna Kesava temple stand parallel to each other while the latter lies to the north of the Mandapa. To the south of the gopura gateway, next to the west prakara wall (entrance of the temple), is the temple of Lord Hanuman. The sculptures and the carvings of the temple are one of its kind. Some of them depict the marvelous pieces of art like the sculpture of Lord Vishnu and his various forms, dancing Ganapati, Krishna preaching Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna, Rama, Sita and Mahishasura mardini. There is also a temple of Sakshi Malleswara (Lord Siva) dating back to 10th century. Aptly called as temple town, Pushpagiri has to be visited to get an insight into one’s spirit.

The nearest railway station in and around Pushpagiri

Gangayaplle Rail Way Station 7 KM.

Kamalapuram Rail Way Station 9 KM.

Krishnapuram Rail Way Station 15 KM.

Yerragudipad Rail Way Station 15 KM.

Nearest airport to Pushpagiri

Tirupati Airport 155 KM.

Bengaluru International Airport 215 KM.

Chennai Airport 265.

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport 329.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Pushpagiri

Kadapa 20 KM.

Horsley Hills 126 KM.

Puttaparthi 127 KM.

Tirupati 147 KM.

Nellore 150 KM.

Nearest town/city to Pushpagiri

Kadapa 21 KM.

Cuddapah 21 KM.

Yerraguntla 24 KM.

Proddatur 30 KM.

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4. GANDIKOTA

Gandikota is a small village on the right bank of the river Pennar, 15 km fromJammalamadugu in Kadapa distric.

Gandikota was founded in 1123 by Kapa Raja of nearby Bommanapalle village and a subordinate of Ahavamalla Someswara I, the Western Chalukyan king of Kalyana. The town played a significant role during the Kakatiya, Vijayanagara and Qutub Shahi periods. The fort was made more impregnable by Pemmasani Thimma Nayudu. The fort was under the control of Pemmasani Nayaks for over 300 years.

Places to Visit

• Madhavaraya Temple • Jama Masjid • Granary • Ranganatha Swamy Temple • Gandikota Fort View Point • Fort Entrance • Gandikota Gorge View Point • Jail • Rayala Cheruvu

The nearest railway station in and around Gandikota

The nearest railway station to Gandikota is Kondapuram which is located in and around 10.7 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Kondapuram railway station 10.7 KM.

Yerraguntla railway station 33.1 KM.

Tadipatri railway station 34.3 KM.

Kamalapuram railway station 48.1 KM.

Mudigubba railway station 60.3 KM.

Nearest airport to Gandikota

Gandikota‘s nearest airport is Cuddapah Airport situated at 62.7 KM distance. Few more airports around Gandikota are as follows.

Cuddapah Airport 62.7 KM.

Sri Sathya Sai Airport 91.0 KM.

Kurnool Airport 115.7 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Gandikota

Kadapa 74 KM.

Puttaparthi 104 KM.

Kurnool 127 KM.

Horsley Hills 147 KM.

Lepakshi 154 KM.

Nearest town/city to Gandikota

Gandikota‘s nearest town/city/important place is Jammalamadugu located at the distance of 11.5 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Gandikota are as follows.

Jammalamadugu 11.5 KM.

Moragudi 11.6 KM.

Proddatur 29.3 KM.

Tadpatri 32.2 KM.

Kovvur 34.4 KM.

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5. SIDHOUT FORT

Sidhout Fort, constructed in 1303 AD, lies on the banks of the Pennar River. The fort extends over an area of 30 acres. Visitors can view gateways and decorated pillars at the two ends of the fort. Top of the fort has been adorned with carvings of Gajalakshmi. Moreover, the 17 square bastions which once used to protect the region are still visible in the fort.

The fort houses an ancillary passage which allows the visitors to gain access even after the closure of the main gates. It is considered as the gateway to Dakshina Kashi. The temples present inside its premise include the Ranganayaka Swamy Temple, Siddheswara Temple, Durga Temple and the Bala Brahma Temple.

The fort here was much developed under the rule of king Varadha Raju, who is the son-in-law of Sri Krishna Deva Raya. This fort was just a mud fort at the time the area was ruled by "Matti Rajulu". Later it came under the control of Varadha Raju.

Earlier it was a part of Udayagiri Kingdom. Matti Yellama Raju used to support the second Venkatapathi Rayalu in many wars. For this favour, Sidhout was given to Matti Yellama Raju as a gift along with some other places. Later Matti Anantha Raju remodelled the fort as Rock Fort.

Later Aurangajeb's commander Mir Jumla II captured Sidhout. Later Aarkatu Nawabs occupied Sidhout. In 1714 Abdul Nabi Khan, who was ruling Kadapa conquered Sidhout. This place was also ruled by Mayana Nawabs for some period. At last in 1799, Sidhout went into the hands of British East India Company.

The nearest railway station in and around Sidhout

The nearest railway station to Sidhout is Cuddapah which is located in and around 15.2 kilometer distance. The following shows other railway stations and its distance.

Cuddapah railway station 15.2 KM.

Khadapa railway station 15.2 KM.

Nandalur railway station 27.5 KM.

Kamalapuram railway station 35.1 KM.

Razampeta railway station 37.5 KM.

Nearest airport to Sidhout

Sidhout‘s nearest airport is Cuddapah Airport situated at 21.4 KM distance. Few more airports around Sidhout are as follows.

Cuddapah Airport 21.4 KM.

Nellore Airport 109.7 KM.

Tirupati Airport 112.0 KM.

Near By Other Tourist Places to Sidhout

Kadapa 17 KM.

Tirupati 117 KM.

Nellore 120 KM.

Horsley Hills 123 KM.

Srikalahasti 125 KM.

Nearest town/city to Sidhout

Sidhout‘s nearest town/city/important place is Cuddapah located at the distance of 17.1 kilometer. Surrounding town/city/TP/CT from Sidhout are as follows.

Cuddapah 17.1 KM.

Rayachoti 52.2 KM.

Proddatur 54.8 KM.

Kovvur 67.0 KM.

Jammalamadugu 75.2 KM.

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